There are so many facts about china. By check out these facts about China. Here are different facts about China today that might surprise you. It’s believed that the modern word “China” most likely derives from the name of the Qin (pronounced “chin”) dynasty. First Emperor of the Qin dynasty, Qin Shi Huang (260-210 B.C.) first unified China in 221 B.C., beginning an Imperial period which would last until 1912 AD. Some historians mark 6000 B.C. as the dawn of the Chinese civilization making it the longest continuous civilization; Chinese is also the world’s longest continuously used written language.
China has an area of 3,719,275 square miles which makes it the fourth largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada, and the U.S.). It’s (slightly smaller than the U.S.). Approximately 5,000 islands lie off the Chinese coast. China’s population is four times that of the United States. One in every five people in the world is Chinese.</h3 >
Fortune cookies were invented in 1920 by a worker in the Key Heong Noodle Factory in San Francisco. They aren’t a Chinese custom. Many of the fruits and flowers of the ‘Flowery Kingdom’(such as the orange and orchid) are now grown all over the world. Toilet Paper was invented in China in the 1300s and was only meant for the emperors.
The Chinese invented paper, the compass, gunpowder, and printing. They also invented kites (“paper birds” or “Aeolian harps”) about 3,000 years ago. Many Chinese children keep crickets as pets; Cricket fighting is a popular amusement in China. All of the PRC is in one time zone regardless of its size.
It is the belief of many historians that soccer originated in China around 1000 B.C. Ping pong or table tennis originated in Great Britain. It’s a very famous sport in China. Stamp collecting is the most popular hobby in China and is considered a status symbol.
Pandas were considered symbols of might and bravery. Early Chinese emperors kept Bear Cats as pets to ward off natural disasters as well as evil spirits. Giant Pandas actually date back two to three million years. Black, is the Chinese color for mourning and funerals. Chinese alchemists successfully used man-carrying tethered kites by the fourth century.
It was during the Song dynasty (A.D. 960-1279) that custom of binding feet (euphemistically called “golden lilies”) began among female entertainers as it did among the members of the Chinese court. Bound feet were seen as highly sexual.
It is believed that with the growth in the Chinese people, the food had to be cooked in bite size which led to the invention of chopsticks. In 130 AD, a Chinese astronomer and literary scholar, Zhang Heng invented an instrument for monitoring earthquakes. His instrument could detect an earthquake and also determine its direction!
Ice cream was invented by the Chinese by mixing a milk mixture and rice into snow. Marco Polo is rumored to have taken the recipe (along with the recipe for noodles) back with him to Europe. The first mechanical clock was built between A.D 1088 and 1092. It was built by a civil servant named Su song and it could tell the time of day and also track the constellations so that accurate horoscopes could be determined.
On September 27, 2008, Zhai Zhigang made the first spacewalk by a Chinese astronaut. The Chinese were the ones who made the waterwheel to harness water in A.D. 31—1,200. China was also the first country in the world to use an iron plow (leaders in farming too!). Europe didn’t begin using the iron plow until the seventeenth century.
Over the centuries, t he capital of China has been changed many a times. It has been known as Yanjing, Dadu, and Beiping. Peking or “Beijing means “Northern Capital.” Beijing is the officially sanctioned pinyin spelling based on the Mandarin dialect. Beijing is the second largest city after Shanghai. In the late empire it was customary for wealthy men and women to grow the nails of their little fingers extremely long as a sign of their rank.
The Chinese were drilling for natural gas by the Fourth Century BC. They used it as a heat source and they preceded the West by almost 2,300 years. They found in the second century BC that blood was pumped by the heart and it circulated through the entire body. In Europe, circulation wasn’t discovered until the early seventeenth century by William Harvey (1578-1657).
The Chinese have been using the decimal system since as far back as the early fourteenth century BC, nearly 2,300 years before the first known use of the system in European mathematics. The Chinese also invented the Crossbow and were the first to use it. They were also the first in the world to use chemical and gas weapons, 2,000 years before gas was used in Europe during WWI.
The largest dam in the world is also the most controversial dam in the world. The Three Gorges Hydroelectric Dam spans the Yangtze River and has been plagued by corruption, human rights violations, technological difficulties, and has caused dramatic environmental changes.
A tea leaf fell into a Chinese emperor’s boiling water and tea was discovered. It was the Chinese emperor Shennong in 2737 B.C. who discovered it, the Chinese consider tea to be a necessity of life. Martial arts were largely developed from ancient farming and hunting methods and are practiced throughout China.
Chinese New Year or Lunar New Year is the most important holiday in China. The Chinese have traditionally believed that everyone turns a year older on the New Year and hence that day is everyone’s birthday!
92% of the Chinese population speaks Chinese. There are at least seven major families of the Chinese language, including Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu, Hakka, Gan, Xiang, and Min. For the Chinese, the colour red symbolizes happiness and is commonly used at Chinese festivals and other happy occasions such as birthdays and weddings.
The lotus was seen as a symbol of purity in ancient China and was sacred to both the Buddhists and Daoists. The peony (“King of Flowers”) symbolized spring, the chrysanthemum symbolized long life, and the narcissus was thought to bring good luck.
The punishment for anyone caught smuggling the secrets of silk making out of ancient China was death. And The Chinese have been making silk since at least 3,000 B.C. The Romans knew China as “Serica,” which means “Land of Silk.” Anyone caught smuggling silkworm eggs or cocoons outside of China was put to death. The Chinese fiercely guarded the secrets of silk making!
Wife of the Emperor Huang Di, Lady Xi Ling Sui, discovered silk in 3000 BC. When a silk worm cocoon accidentally dropped into her hot tea, fine threads from the cocoon unraveled in the hot water and silk was born. In China was found the oldest piece of paper in the world. It dates back to the second or first century B.C. The Paper was so durable, it could be and was sometimes used for clothing and even light body armor.
Stirrups were first used by the Chinese in the third century AD. China’s “one child” policy has contributed to female infanticide and has created a significant gender imbalance. There are currently 32 million more boys than girls in China. In the future, tens of millions of men will be unable to find wives, prompting some scholars to suggest that this imbalance could lead to a threat to world security.
China’s “one child” policy has created a significant gender imbalance. It has led to female infanticide on a massive scale. There are currently 32 million more boys than girls in China. In the future, tens of millions of men will be unable to find wives, prompting some scholars to suggest that this imbalance could lead to a threat to world security.
The first known species of Homo erectus, the Peking Man, lived between 300,000-550,000 years ago. It’s believed that he knew how to manage fire. During the first half of the twentieth century Shanghai was the only place and port in the whole wide world to accept Jews fleeing the Holocaust without an entry visa.
Chinese mathematics isn’t related at all with Greek Math. It’s therefore of a lot of interest to historians of Mathematics. Chinese lanterns were an important symbol of long life. They’ve been around since 250 BC. Lanterns were once symbols of a family’s wealth, and the richest families had lanterns so large, it required several people with poles to hoist them into place.
In the Tang dynasty, anyone with an education was expected to greet as well as say goodbye to another person in poetic verse composed on the spot. They discovered the tomb of Qin (259-210 B.C.) (when in 1974 a group of farmers were digging a well) the first emperor who united China. The tomb contained thousands of amazing life-sized soldiers, horses, and chariots.
The world’s longest canal is the Grand Canal of China. It’s is the world’s oldest and longest canal at 1,114 miles (1,795 km) long with 24 locks and around 60 bridges. For the Chinese Peoples, the bat is a traditional good luck symbol that is frequently depicted in designs for porcelain, textiles, and other crafts.
Around 1891 two American travelers named Allen and Sachtleben introduced the bicycle in China. It’s a very well known fact that the bicycle is now the primary transportation for millions of Chinese. The last Qing emperor (Puyi) rode a bicycle around the Forbidden City in Beijing. China is currently the leading bicycle manufacturer.
In northern China, the Boxer Rebellion between 1898 and 1901 was against Christian missionaries, foreign diplomats, and technology by a secret group called the “Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists” (Yihequan or I-ho-ch’uan) so named because its members practiced weaponless martial arts as well as secret rituals. Westerns called it “shadow boxing” and the members “Boxers.”
China gets the credit for inventing suspension bridges (in 25 BC). Such bridges became known as late as 1800 years later in the West. The first American woman to win the Nobel Prize was Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973) for her novels about China, most notably The Good Earth (1931). Amy Tan (1952-) is a best-selling Chinese-American author of The Joy Luck Club.
The Chinese word for civilization (wen) is pronounced the same as the word for script, pattern, or calligraphy. Traditionally, calligraphy has been revered in China. In fact, calligraphy was thought to reveal the calligrapher’s moral and spiritual self-cultivation as a type of ‘heart print’.
Fish in general play a large role in Chinese culture and the words for “fish” and “abundance” are pronounced the same in Chinese pigtails. The carp is a symbol of strength and perseverance. The scales and whiskers of the fish make it resemble a dragon, the greatest symbol of power in China. A girl’s pigtails were indicative of her marital status in some regions of Ancient China.
A married woman would wear a single pigtail as opposed to an unmarried girl who would wear two. This may have contributed to the Western view that pigtails are associated with children and young girls.
In ancient China, mirrors were believed to protect their owners from evil, making hidden spirits visible and revealing the secrets of the future. Anyone who had been scared by a ghost could be healed using a simple mirror (by looking into one). Mirrors were often hung on the ceilings of burial chambers.
The longest rivers in China are the 3,494-mile Yangtze (Changjian) River and the 2,903-mile-long Yellow (Huanghe) River. The horse most probably came from Central Asia and made its way and importance into China. A horse is considered to be associated with the masculine symbol, yang, and with the element of fire.
The symbol of regeneration and rebirth for the Chinese has been the cicada (katydid). It has the longest life span of any insect (up to 17 years) and sheds its skin. Concubinage has been practiced throughout Chinese history, primarily by wealthy men who could afford it. Chinese emperors had large harems with hundreds of concubines.
The Phoenix represents the feminine power of the empress and is the most important bird in Chinese legend. The second most important bird in Chinese legend is the graceful crane. Ducks are also important symbols and represent happiness and marital faithfulness.
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution or The Cultural Revolution lasted from 1966-1976 and its result was the erosion of thousands of acres of farmland, severe famine and thousands of deaths.
38. It is true that while the dragon is typically seen as an evil creature in Western culture, it holds firmly its place among the four greatest creatures in Chinese mythology, which are the phoenix, tiger, and tortoise. It is typically associated with the emperor. The highest mountain in the world (29,028 feet) is named after the Welshman Sir George Everest who was the first surveyor of India. The Chinese name for Mount Everest is Qomolangma, which means “Mother Goddess of the Earth.”
The people’s unity under Communism is represented on the Chinese flag by the position of the stars. China’s national flag was adopted in September 1949 and was first hoisted in the world’s largest public gathering place, Tiananmen Square. The red in the flag symbolizes revolution and the little stars represent the Chinese people. The large star symbolizes communism. The position of the stars represents the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party. The Chinese are credited with the world’s oldest calendar. This lunar calendar originated in 2600 B.C. and has 12 zodiac signs. It takes 60 years to complete. The number of birth defects in China continues to rise. Environmentalist and officials blame China’s severe pollution.
The Chinese have been eating mushrooms since forever. The consumption of mushrooms was recorded in Chinese historical documents more than 3,000 years ago. China produced 600,000 tons of mushrooms in 1996, making it the world’s leading producer. In July, China’s head of the State Food and Drug Administration was found to have accepted bribes from pharmaceutical companies. In 2007, dog food and toothpaste products made in China were recalled because they contained poisonous ingredients. The head of the State Food and Drug Administration was executed.
There are several indeed very famous Chinese actors. Famous Chinese and Chinese-American actors include Jackie Chan (Hong Kong), Chow Yun Fat (Hong Kong), Bruce Lee (San Francisco), Jet Li (Beijing), Zhang Ziyi (Beijing), and Lucy Liu (New York). The most expensive games in history were the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing. While the 2004 Athens Games were estimated to cost around $15 billion, the Beijing Games were estimated to cost a whopping $40 billion.