Many times we observe indifferent people around us. Observing their bizarre behaviour makes us think that why are they acting in a certain way? What makes their thought process dissimilar from other people around them? Is it a disorder? A personality disorder is a type of mental disarray in which you have a firm, rigid and unhealthy pattern of thinking, functioning and behaving.
Basic 10 types of personality disorders are below:
- Paranoid personality disorder
- Schizoid personality disorder
- Schizotypal personality disorder
- Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD)
- Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
- Histrionic personality disorder
- Narcissistic personality disorder
- Avoidant(or anxious) personality disorder
- Dependent personality disorder
- Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCDP)
The types are grouped into three categories:
- Suspicious (Cluster A)–, schizotypal and antisocial, paranoid, schizoid
- Emotional and impulsive(Cluster B) –Narcissistic, borderline, histrionic
- Anxious (Cluster C)– Obsessive compulsive, avoidant and dependent.
1. Paranoid Personality Disorder
- They have pervasive disbelieve, doubt and mistrust of others and their motives.
- Create a groundless belief that others are trying to harm or cheat them.
- Unjustified suspicion of the trustworthiness or credibility of others
- Unjustified, persistent suspicion that spouse or sexual partner is disloyal.
- They have tendency to observe others closely, looking for signs of unfaithfulness or resentment.
- These individuals find it hard to confide in people, even their friends.
- They find it very hard to believe others, having a perception that they will use them or take an advantage of them.
- Doubtfulness to confide in others due to unreasonable apprehension that others will use the information in opposition to them.
- Perception of naive or innocent remarks or nonthreatening situations as personal abuse or attacks or to react by taking them as an offense.
- They have fuming or aggressive reaction to supposed slights or insults.
- They have an affinity to hold grudges.
2. Schizoid Personality Disorder
- They have lack of interest in communal or personal relations, preferring to be unaccompanied or aloof.
- They have inability to pick up even standard societal cues.
- They carry appearance of being not interested or apathetic to others.
- They are diminutive or no interest in having sex with another person.
- They have Partial range of emotional expression
- They have Inability to take delight in most activities or deeds.
4. Schizotypal Personality Disorder
- These individuals will have odd / strange dress sense, thinking, beliefs, speech or behaviour or mannerism.
- They have peculiar perceptual experiences, such as hearing a voice, someone whispering their name.
- They have flat emotions or inapt emotional responses.
- Public anxiety and a lack of or uneasiness with close associations is commonly observed.
- Inappropriate, Indifferent or mistrustful response to others.
- They have “Paranormal thinking” — believing you can manipulate people and actions with your thoughts.
- They have a belief that certain untailored incidents or actions have secreted messages meant only for them.
- People suffering from this disorder find it extremely difficult to make close relationships .
- They believe that they can read minds or that you have extraordinary powers such as a ‘sixth sense’.
- They feel apprehensive and anxious with others who do not share these beliefs.
- They undergo very anxious and suspicious in social situations.
- They think and articulate themselves in ways that others find ‘strange’, using bizarre words or phrases.
- They act in ways that others find eccentric and unconventional.
5. Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)
- They put themselves in hazardous or perilous situations, often without considering the results for themselves or for other people.
- They behave treacherously and sometimes illegitimately.
- People suffering from this disorder act in ways that are unpleasant for others.
- They would be very easily bored and act on impulse – they may find it hard to hold down a job for long.
- They would conduct themselves aggressively and get into fights easily.
- They will do things – even though others may get hurt – to get what you want, putting their needs above others.
- They tend to have a criminal record.
- Aggressiveness and often violence in their behaviour is commonly observed.
- Disregard for the safety of self or others.
- There would have no sense of guilt if they have mistreated others.
- They carry the belief that they are only the strongest survivor and that they must do whatever it takes to lead a successful life because if they would not grab opportunities, others will.
- They would be persistent liars, would be stealing, using aliases, conning others.
7. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
- They have impulsive and perilous activities, such as having unsafe sex, gambling or overdo eating.
- They have wobbly or fragile self-image, unstable and intense relationships.
- Mood swings, often as a reaction to interpersonal anxiety.
- They also have suicidal behaviour or threats of self-harm.
- Individual suffering from this disorder would have Intense fear of being alone or abandoned and also ongoing feelings of emptiness
- They may have frequent, intense displays of anger, stress-related paranoia that comes and goes.
- They feel very apprehensive about people abandoning you, and would do anything to prevent that happening.
- They do not have a strong sense of who they are, and it can change depending on who they are with.
- When very stressed, sometimes they might:
- Feel obsessed or paranoid.
- Have psychotic experiences, such as seeing or hearing things that other people don’t
- Feel frozen or ‘checked out’ and do not remember things correctly after they have happened.
8. Histrionic Personality Disorder
- People suffering from this disorder feel very uncomfortable if they are not the centre of attention.
- They would feel much more at ease and peace as the ‘life and soul of the party’.
- They feel the need to entertain people around them.
- They would flirt or act provocatively to ensure that they remain the centre of attraction.
- They get a status for being dramatic and soppy.
- They will always be reliant on the approval of others.
- They speak dramatically with strong opinions, but few evidences to back them up.
- They would be easily influenced by others
- They will have shallow and rapidly changing emotions.
- Excessive distress for their physical appearance.
- They tend to think relationships with others are closer than they really are.
10. Narcissistic Personality Disorder
- They carry belief that you are special and more significant than others.
- They imagine about authority, achievements and attractiveness.
- They fail to recognize others’ needs and feelings.
- They would amplify their achievements or talents.
- They have expectations of constant praise and admiration which comes with arrogance.
- Unreasonable expectations of favors and returns, often taking benefits from others.
- They have feelings of envy of others or certainty that others envy them.
- They believe that there are special reasons that make them diverse from others, better or more deserving than others.
- They tend to have fragile self-worth, so they rely on others to distinguish their value and their needs.
- They will feel upset if others pay no attention to them and don’t give you what you feel you deserve
- They begrudge other people’s successes and also put their own needs above other people.
- They take advantage of other people.
11. Avoidant (or anxious) Personality Disorder
- These people will refrain from work or a social activity because that means that they have to be with others.
- They anticipate disapproval and criticism and are very thin-skinned to it.
- They worry continuously about being ‘found out’ and abandoned.
- They worry about being ridiculed or humiliated by others.
- These people avoid relationships, friendships and closeness because they fear disapproval.
- They feel lonely and secluded, and inferior to others
- They are reluctant to try new activities in case you embarrass them.
- Extreme shyness in social situations and personal relationships.
13. Dependent Personality Disorder
- Extreme reliance on others and feeling the need to be taken care of.
- They have submissive or clingy behaviour toward others.
- They have a fear of having to give self-care or fend for themselves if left alone.
- They have difficulty disagreeing with others, fearing disapproval
- They even carry acceptance of poor or offensive treatment, even when other options are accessible.
- They feel urgency to start a new relationship when a close one has ended.
- They feel needy, weak and unable to make decisions or tasks properly without help or support.
- They allow others to presume liability for many areas of your life
- They lack self-confidence, requiring too much advice and reassurance from others to make even small decisions
- They have complexity in starting or doing projects on your own due to lack of self-assurance.
14. Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD)
- They need to keep everything in order and under control.
- They set unrealistically high principles for themselves and others.
- They get anxious when they or others might make mistakes
- They expect catastrophes if things aren’t perfect.
- They might be hesitant to spend money on themselves or others.
- They have an inclination to hang onto items with no noticeable value.
- They are extreme perfectionists, resulting in dysfunction and agony when excellence is not achieved, such as feeling unable to cease a project or a task because they don’t meet their own strict standards.
- They have a desire to be in control of people, tasks and situations, and incapability to assign tasks.
- They tend to neglect friends and enjoyable activities because of extreme commitment to work or a project.
- Inability to abandon broken or valueless objects
- They are rigid and stubborn, Inflexible about ethics or values.